WELCOME TO THE BAYLISS LINE. This blog has been created for my family. By "my family" I mean all those who are related to the Bayliss family either by blood, marriage or even relationship. There are, of course, other Bayliss families not related to us but this blog has at its heart a very specific family who had their origins in Gloucestershire. I am connected to that family because my mother was a Bayliss and it was her curiosity that started my research back in the early 1990's. So, what are you likely to see on this blog? Well, as it is a blog, I want it to be as entertaining as possible rather that a dry listing of facts (that is for Ancestry.com). I will, hopefully, be posting entries on our ancestors and relatives, on the places where they lived, and the historical times they lived through. I have an extensive collection of photographs of people and places which I will, of course, be sharing.

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Thursday, 13 October 2011

THE FAMILY AT WAR 1914 - 1918 : Part Five

The Bayliss Family were not alone among our relatives to be affected by the war - indeed it would have been strange if they had been. Bert Bayliss's wife, Esther, had a brother named Henry George Abbotts. Henry, like Bert had served in the army during the Boer War in South Africa - it is noted on his army record that he fought at the siege of Ladysmith. He is described as a big with a 42" chest, dark complexion, dark brown hair and hazel eyes. He bore a tattoo of the figure of Brittania on his left forearm and a rose, a shamrock and a thistle on the other. He joined the Territorials on 24th November 1914 and almost exactly a year later he was discharged at his own request for the purpose of joining the regular army. Unfortunately his records are incomplete and beyond the fact that he survived the war we know nothing further about his war service.

British infantery go "Over the Top" usually to be met with a withering hail
of enemy fire.

On Christmas Day 1905, Esther's younger sister, had married Walter Huggins. Wally, as he was known, was twenty-seven when the war broke out in 1914. Although his records have been lost we know that Wally was a Lance Corporal in the 1st Battalion The Middlesex Regiment. Wally was killed on 28th October 1916. Daisy, left with four children, remarried the following year. Wally is commemorated on the Thiepval monument in France.

The Thiepval Memorial in France.

I wrote in my previous post about Albert Charles Bayliss and three of his sons serving in the Post Office Rifles. One of the young officers in their unit was 2nd Lt. Wilfred Alfred Cotterill who was the brother of the famous war poet Rupert Brooke.  Wilfred was killed in action near Le Rutoire Farm in 1916.  Brother Rupert was killed in Greece.

As we have seen, Bert Bayliss came home in 1917, discharged from the army and diagnosed with tuberculosis.  From what we know from his daughters, Florence and Ethel (although, as we have seen, their testimony must be treated with caution) he was not, at first, a complete invalid.  Two stories about him are so vivid that I see no reason to question their veracity.  The first is how Bert was sitting on the doorstep one evening when one of the horses being taken into the dairy became startled and bolted back up the street towards the main road. Bert leaped to his feet and managed to grab the horsed bridal. After calming the animal he swung himelf onto its back and rode it back to the dairy to applause from his neighbours.

Artist's impression of a Zeppelin airship over London.
A German Gotha bomber of the type used to bomb England.

The second tale is more serious. Between June 1915 and May 1918 Londoners experienced a new kind of warfare:  air raids both by Zeppelin Airships and German bombers.  While these raids were not as ferocious as those during the Second World War the terror they inspired cannot be under estimated - nobody had experience bombardment from the air before. In July 1915 a house in Marlborough Road, not far from the former home of Charles Bayliss, was rocked by an explosion. It turned out that the house has been hit by a British anti-aircraft shell. A bomb fell on the Islington Workhouse in St.John's Way, only a short walk from Windermere Road demolishing the laundry but with no loss of life.  Islington suffered in at least fourteen air raids by Zeppinlins and Gotha bombers.
London houses after a Zeppelin raid.

On 29th of September 1917 Bert Bayliss took his family to Archway Underground Station. In his book BRITAIN HOLDS ON 1917-1918, author C.E.Payne tells us :"...there were people who went to the Tube stations every night from five o'clock on. Grown ups took books and the children toys and they stayed on platforms and stairs for hours. The majority of people behaved bravely whilst raids were in progress, but the dread of their coming, the hasty flight to the Tubes and other recognised places of shelter wore down the nerves of many...everywhere, working women looked exhausted from sleepolessnes, anxiety and fear...Each night at this time, queues formed outside the Tube stations waiting to go down if an alarm was give."

We can pinpoint the events of the night of 29th September because after the raid was over Bert and Esther returned home and after having put the younger ones to bed left them in the care of the elder children (Bert and Florence) and went out again. Bad news travels fast and like many others they went to see the damage that had been done to The Eaglet pub in Seven Sisters Road. This might sound ghoulish but Bert and Esther had both friends and relatives in the area - indeed, Bert's sister Louisa lived in nearby Orpingley Road and a bomb had fallen there, behind numbers wrecking one house and injuring four women and two children. Luckily there were no fatalities in Orpingley Road but at The Eaglet pub it was a different story. The ground floor and first floor had been wrecked, a bomb or "aerial torpedo" (as it was described at the time) had gone through the cellar flap. A man and a woman had been killed, fifteen men, eighteen women and a child had been injured. Another man and woman later died from injuries.

The Eaglet Pub today.
 Bert, although not a well man by any stretch of the imagination, was still fairly active and further evidence that this was the case came not long after Christmas when Esther again found herself pregnant.


1 comment:

  1. Hmm, I don't know The Eaglet, we must have a pint in there one day.